How to Make a Face Mask - Prevent the Spread of COVID-19

With the outbreak of the Coronavirus came a shortage of some very basic medical equipment such as face masks and sanitizers. Without the availability of face masks in the market, how are we expected to protect ourselves against this contagious disease? Worry not, since even if you don’t find face masks in the market, you can learn how to make a face mask and keep yourself and your family safe during this pandemic.

Read through this guide and make a CDC-approved face mask to protect yourself and also to play your role in preventing the spread of this disease.

Benefits of homemade facial masks

  1. It prevents any infected dust particles from reaching your respiratory tract and infecting you with the disease in this way. However, face masks alone must not be considered as complete prevention against the disease. Other preventive measures such as social distancing and hand-washing are also very essential against the spread of Coronavirus.
  2. By using homemade facial masks to cover your nose and mouth, you will be prevented from becoming a carrier of the disease to another person in the vicinity. 
  3. Through the use of DIY face masks by the general population, some pressure will be lifted from the purchases of N95 respirators, leaving these more accessible to the COVID-19 confirmed patients. 

Things to keep in mind before beginning the preparation

Before you get down to making the face mask, here are a few things that will need to be kept in mind:

  • The DIY face mask should fit accurately but comfortably against your face.
  • There needs to be an earloop to secure the face mask in place.
  • Use multiple layers for a reliable filtration of dust particles.
  • The face mask should not obstruct your breathing.
  • The structure should be such that it handles multiple washing without losing shape or capabilities.

DIY Face Mask: Three Easy Techniques

Now that you know what to remember when making your DIY Mask, let’s get to work. Now there are three approaches you can go about when learning how to make a face mask. The first one is the one that would suit those who can sew. If you can sew, don’t worry; just follow either one of the next two methods. 

1.  DIY Face Mask for those who sew

Here’s how to make a face mask if you know how to sew.

What you’ll need:

  • Pure cotton fabric in two pieces, each one about 7”x9”
  • Two pieces of shoelaces or ribbons
  • Ruler
  • Scissors
  • Thread and sewing pins
  • Sewing machine



  1. Sew the rectangular pieces of cotton fabric with their front side facing each other. Sew all around the borders, leaving a little unsewn space on the longer sides of the rectangle.
  2. Now turn the sewn fabric inside out through the portions you have left unsewn.
  3. Next, sew three pleats parallel with the longer side of the rectangle. Make sure that the pleats are evenly-spaced and tucked in the same direction.
  4. Sew the pleats in place and the edges you had left open in step 1.
  5. Take the piece of shoelace and match it with the longer side of the rectangle. Equal lengths should be sticking out from the edges. Sew this piece along the length of one long side of the cloth rectangle.
  6. Follow step 5 with the second shoelace or ribbon that you have and stitch it to the parallel end of the rectangle. 
  7. What you have now is a rectangular piece of cloth with straps on the top and on the bottom. You can tie them to your accurate size. Adjust the sizing by putting the mask on. 

2.  DIY T-shirt Face Mask for those who can’t sew

Don’t know how to sew? No worries, follow the instructions to learn how to make a face mask without any sewing.

What you’ll need:

  • An old T-shirt
  • Scissors
  • Ruler



  1. Cut a 7-inch length of the T-shirt from the bottom.This will be a double-layer of fabric that you have with you.          
  2. Cut a smaller rectangle to one side of this fabric, leaving behind some fabric on top and on the bottom to work as fasteners.
  3. Now cut at the curved ends of the strings to open them up. These fasteners can now be tied around the nape of your neck and your head, adjusted to your size.
  4. If you used a large T-shirt, you may have to cut some more fabric to adjust the face mask correctly to the size of your face. Make sure that your nose and mouth are completely covered with fabric when you put on the mask. 

3.  DIY bandana face mask (no-sew)

Here’s another quick face mask technique for those who can’t sew. Here’s how to make a face mask with a bandana.

What you’ll need:

  • A bandanna
  • Two hair bands



  1. Lay a bandana on the table.
  2. Fold it in half.
  3. With the folded bandana, make two more folds, one from the top and one from the bottom. The folds should meet at the center.
  4. Pass the two hair bands through this folded piece and keep them about 6 inches apart.
  5. Now fold the lengths of cloth that are sticking out of the edges beyond the hair bands.
  6. Tuck the folded edges inside and flip the mask over.
  7. Your face mask is ready. Simply slide the hair bands over your ears to cover your face and mouth.
  8. Open up the bandana just a bit and adjust until your nose and mouth openings are properly covered.

So that’s was how to make a face mask with the simplest of material that’s already available in most homes.

You see, it does not ask for a pro to make a CDC-approved face mask that will protect you and others against the spread of Coronavirus. All it takes is to follow a set of simple instructions such as those above and you can make effective face masks for yourself and your entire family.

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